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Jan Willem A. van Zuijlen and Bob van Aartsen Version date: 03-07-2013 15:01

Diagnosis. Medium-sized (2.5-7.0 mm) greyish, reddish to brownish yellow or pale yellow, rather sparsely bristled, acalyptrate flies. Head with one pair of reclinate orbital setae; vibrissae absent. Wings maculated in most species, C with subcostal break. Legs without dorsal preapical setae on tibiae. Females with an elongate, piercer-type ovipositor, varying from narrow to very broad. Sexual dimorphism is only very rarely exhibited.

Biology. Adults are usually diurnal, but some species have only a very short active period in the late afternoon. Adults live in or close to shady environments and may be found in forests, between shrubs and bushes, often close to water. Larvae live in stems of Umbelliferae, Graminae, Juncaceae, in flower heads of Asteraceae, or under the bark of various trees. The larvae living under bark are thought to be feeding on beetles or mycelium. There is still discussion about whether the other species are phytophagous, carnivorous or both.

General references. Martinek (1977 [biology]), J.F. McAlpine (1981 [systematics], 1987b [general]), Merz (1998 [general, key]), Morge (1967 [systematics, biology, key], 1984 [catalogue]).

References to the local fauna. Van Aartsen (2001b), H. de Jong & Van Aartsen (2007), Van Zuijlen (1996h).

How to quote this page: Zuijlen, J.W.A. van, & B. van Aartsen, 2013. Family Pallopteridae. In: Beuk, P.L.Th. (Ed.): Checklist of the Diptera of the Netherlands, https://diptera-info.nl/news.php?fam=Pallopteridae (date accessed: 27/01/2022).

NL: 11 UK: 7 D: 11 B: 13 World: 60
  Palloptera Fallén, 1820
  = Toxonevra Macquart, 1835
  = Toxoneura Westwood, 1840: emend.
  = Temnosira Enderlein, 1936
  ambusta (Meigen, 1826) N; added by Van Aartsen (2001b: 116
  anderssoni Rotheray & MacGowan, 1999 N; will be formally added by Beuk & van Zuijlen (in prep.)  Note 1
  modesta (Meigen, 1830)
  = parallela Loew, 1858
  muliebris (Harris, 1780) N; added by Van Zuijlen (1996h: 65
  quinquemaculata (Macquart, 1835)
  = arcuata (Fabricius, 1781): sensu (Meigen)
  = inusta (Meigen, 1826): misident. sensu Van der Wulp & De Meijere, 1898
  = campta Czerny, 1934
  saltuum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  scutellata (Macquart, 1835) N; added by H. de Jong & Van Aartsen (2007: 105
  trimacula (Meigen, 1826)
  = angelicae (von Roser, 1840)
  umbellatarum (Fabricius, 1775)
  usta (Meigen, 1826)
  ustulata Fallén, 1820
Note 1 Material was examined from 'De Kaaistoep' and Maastricht.
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The family introduction was last edited on 03-07-2013 15:01
Palloptera scutellata was the last (sub)species to be edited on 01-01-2008 00:59

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